Phoenix, Arizona
City of Phoenix
Images, from top, left to right: Papago Park, Saint Mary's Basilica, Chase Tower, Downtown, Arizona Science Center, Rosson House, the light rail, a Saguaro cactus, and the McDowell Mountains
Images, from top, left to right: Papago ParkSaint Mary's BasilicaChase TowerDowntownArizona Science CenterRosson House, the light rail, a Saguaro cactus, and the McDowell Mountains
Flag of Phoenix, Arizona
Flag
Official seal of Phoenix, Arizona
Seal
Nickname(s): 
"Valley of the Sun", "The Valley"
Location within Maricopa County
Location within Maricopa County
Phoenix is located in Arizona
Phoenix
Phoenix
Location within Arizona
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Coordinates: 33°27′N 112°04′W
Country United States
State Arizona
CountyMaricopa
Settled1867
IncorporatedFebruary 25, 1881
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • BodyPhoenix City Council
 • MayorThelda Williams
Area
 • State Capital518.90 sq mi (1,343.94 km2)
 • Land517.64 sq mi (1,340.69 km2)
 • Water1.25 sq mi (3.25 km2)
 • Metro
14,565.76 sq mi (37,725.1 km2)
Elevation1,086 ft (331 m)
Population 
(2010)[3]
 • State Capital1,445,632
 • Estimate 
(2017)[4]
1,626,078
 • RankUS: 5th
 • Density3,119.94/sq mi (1,204.61/km2)
 • Urban
3,629,114 (US: 12th)
 • Metro
4,737,270 (US: 12th)
 • Demonym
Phoenician
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP codes
85001–85099
Area codes
  • East: 480
  • Central: 602
  • West: 623
FIPS code04-55000
GNIS ID(s)447842411414
Major airportPhoenix Sky Harbor International Airport
Secondary AirportsDeer Valley Airport
Phoenix–Mesa Gateway Airport
InterstatesI-10 (AZ).svg I-17 (AZ).svg
U.S. HighwaysUS 60 (1961 cutout).svg
State RoutesArizona 51.svg Arizona 74.svg Arizona 101.svg Arizona 143.svg Arizona 202.svg Arizona 303.svg
Websitewww.phoenix.gov